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    References

    The following references are divided into three categories:

    ⇒ References for the FAQ

    ⇒ References for the glossary

    ⇒ References for the photo material

     

    References for the FAQ

    What is a language? What is a dialect?

    Finegan, E. (2008). Language: Its Structure and Use (5th ed.). Boston: Thomson Wadswort.


    How do dialects develop?

    Finegan, E. (2008). Language: Its Structure and Use (5th ed.). Boston: Thomson Wadswort.

    Schreier, D. & Hundt, M. (2012). English as a Contact Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Wolfram, W. (2001). From the brickhouse to the swamp. American Language Review, 5 (3), pp. 34-48.

    Wolfram, W. & Schilling, N. (2016). American English: Dialects and Variation (3rd ed.). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.


    From a linguistic point of view, can we divide the different Englishes, or is English always English?

    Bolton, K. (2009). Varieties of World Englishes. In B. Kachru, Y. Kachru & C. L. Nelson (Eds.), The Handbook of World Englishes (pp. 289-312). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.

    Kollenrott, A. I. (2007). Sichtweisen auf deutsch-englisch bilingualen Geschichtsunterricht: Eine empirische Studie mit Fokus auf interkulturelles Lernen. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.


    How much influence does English have worldwide?

    Crystal, D. (2003). English as a Global Language (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Filipović, R. (1996). English as a word donor to other languages of Europe. In R. Hartmann (Ed.), The English Language in Europe (pp. 37-46). Oxford: Intellect.

    Kachru, B. Englishization and Contact Linguistics. In K. Bolton & B. Kachru (Eds.), World Englishes: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Volume IV (pp. 253-277). London/New York: Routledge.

    Smith, L. E. (2006). Spread of English and issues of intelligibility. In K. Bolton & B. Kachru (Eds.), World Englishes: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Volume IV (pp. 68-83). London/New York: Routledge.


    Is World Englishes a specialist term?

    Bolton, K. (2009a). World Englishes Today. In B. Kachru, Y. Kachru & C. L. Nelson (Eds.), The Handbook of World Englishes (pp. 240-270). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.

    Bolton, K. (2009b). Varieties of World Englishes. In B. Kachru, Y. Kachru & C. L. Nelson (Eds.), The Handbook of World Englishes (pp. 289-312). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.

    Jenkins, J. (2003). World Englishes: A Resource Book for Students. London/New York: Routledge.


    Are World Englishes used in advertising campaigns?

    Bhatia, T. K. (2009). World Englishes in global advertising. In B. Kachru, Y. Kachru & C. L. Nelson (Eds.), The Handbook of World Englishes (pp. 601-619). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.


    Who speaks English?

    Crystal, D. (2008). Two thousand million? English Today: The International Review of the English Language 24 (1), pp. 3-6.

    Jenkins, J. (2003). World Englishes: A Resource Book for Students. London/New York: Routledge.

    Rubinstein, M. (2014). American English Compendium: A Portable Guide to the Idiosyncrasies, Subtleties, Technical Lingo, and Nooks and Crannies of American English (4th ed.). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

    Rupp, A. A. (2008). Developing Standards-Based Assessment Tasks for English as a First Foreign Language: Context, Processes, and Outcomes in Germany. Volume I. Münster: Waxmann Verlag.


    Why do languages borrow words from other languages?

    Barber, C. L., Beal J. C. & Shaw, P. A. (2009). The English Language (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Durkin, P. (2014). Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Van Gelderen, E. (2014). A History of the English Language (revised ed.). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

    Wright, L. (2013). The contact origins of Standard English. In M. Hundt & D. Schreier (Eds.), English as a Contact Language (pp. 58-74). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


    Is it possible to count all languages in the world?

    Finegan, E. (2008). Language: Its Structure and Use (5th ed.). Boston: Thomson Wadswort.


    Are there varieties within a variety?

    Kövecses, Z. (2000). American English: An Introduction. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press.

    Stuart-Smith, J. (2004). Scottish English: Phonology. In B. Kortmann & E. W. Schneider (Eds.), A Handbook of Varieties of English. Volume I: Phonology (pp. 47-67). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

    Stuart-Smith, J. (2008). Scottish English: Phonology. In B. Kortmann, E. W. Schneider, K. Burridge & R. Mesthrie (Eds.), Varieties of English. Volume 1: The British Isles (pp. 48-70). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

    Wells, J. C. (1982). Accents of English. Volume 2: The British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


    Do American and British English speakers always understand each other?

    Davies, C. (2005). Divided by a Common Language: A Guide to British and American English. Boston/New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

    Kövecses, Z. (2000). American English: An Introduction. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press.

    Svartvik, J. & Leech, G. (2010). English: One Tongue, Many Voices. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

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    References for the glossary

    Acrolect, Mesolect and Basilect

    Holm, J. (1988). Pidgins and Creoles. Volume 1: Theory and Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Creoles

    Winford, D. (2003). An Introduction to Contact Linguistics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.

    Lingua Franca

    Seidlhofer, B. (2005). English as a Lingua Franca. ELT Journal59 (4), pp. 339-341.

    Pidgins

    Winford, D. (2003). An Introduction to Contact Linguistics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.

    Rhoticity

    Minkova, D. (2014). A Historical Phonology of English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

    Standard variety

    Finegan, E. (2008). Language. Its Structure and Use. Fifth Edition. Boston: Thomson Wadsworth.

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    References for the photo material

    ChuaYT. (2010). Kachru's Three Circles of English. Wikimedia. Accessed 31 July 2017.
    <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKachru's_three_circles_of_English.jpg>

    Menegaz, F. & Fitzgerald, P. (2009). World map percentage English speakers by country. Wikimedia. Accessed 31 July 2017. <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:World_map_percentage_english_speakers_by_country.svg>

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    Hinweis zum Datenschutz

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    Hinweis zum Datenschutz

    Mit 'OK' verlassen Sie die Seiten der Universität Würzburg und werden zu Twitter weitergeleitet. Informationen zu den dort erfassten Daten und deren Verarbeitung finden Sie in deren Datenschutzerklärung.

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